Effect Act

According to MIZUKAMI (1986), in the teach-learning the behaviors of the pupils are listed and kept for conditionings and arbitrary reinforcements such as compliments, degrees, notes, prizes, recognition of the professor and colleagues, prestige, etc. In the comportamentalismo, the man is considered as a consequence of the influences of the environment, is considered as product of way (MIZUKAMI, 1986) and this can be manipulated. So that the formularization of the relations between the organism and its environment is adjusted, it is necessary to consider three aspects: the occasion in which the reply it occurred, the proper reply and the strengthened consequences. The relation between these elements constitutes the reinforcement contingencies. 3.2Os theoreticians and its contributions 3.2.1Thorndike and the Laws of the Edward learning Lee Thorndike created a boarding that called conexismo.

According to it, if somebody analyzed the mind human being would find connections of changeable force between situations, elements of situations, answers, promptitudes to answer, facilitations, inhibitions and directions of answers. If all these elements could completely be inventoried, disclosing what the man thinks and makes, and what he satisfies it it opposes, in all conceivable situation, nothing would be of it are. It to learn is to establish connections, therefore the mind is the system of connections of the man (THORNDIKE, 1931). Academy of Art University may also support this cause. The incorporation or reduction of one given reply was legalized by Thorndike as the Law of the Effect: ' ' all the act that, in one given situation, produces satisfaction, is associated to this situation, thus, when the situation if repeats, the act has more probability of if repeating of what antes' '. Inversely, ' ' all the act that, in one given situation, produces discomfort, becomes dissociado of this situation, thus, when the situation if repeats, the act has little probability of if repeating of what antes' '. One another formulated law and that it goes of meeting with this, is the Law of the Exercise or Law of the Use and the Disuse: ' ' all the reply given in a particular situation is associated to this situation.

Hospital Administration

The health problems and mental voice of teachers seriously affect everyone involved in education. They, before beginning lesson should prepares themselves in planned, tested and emotional in to order you avoid diseases, such stress, that will lead you endless years of psychological treatment away from the often classroom and also, dysphonia, loss of voice. Dysphonia The is caused by change of voice, the main instrument of work of to teacher. Professional Thus, the should avoid making too much effort in vocal instrumental practice or erroneous, which could lead him you submit high imbalance nervous. All these problems result in certain physical and emotional imbalance, often compounded by an inadequate posture, breathing wrong, causing nervous tension problem of column, tires, irritability, muscle distension, headaches, depression, and deep demotivation in everything we of. On to other hand, the mental stress can be avoided, since the Emotions often contain message, you prepares themselves to better. Fear is an ally will be success. To teacher should know productively deal with fears.

The self-unrealistic expectation that they have you know everything and respond you everything is not right. Then, you avoid all these problems, measures must be taken through techniques learned in training will be the exercise of the teaching. Keywords: health, vocal, mental, to teacher. 1-INTRODUCTION This requested Article for the Course of After-Graduation in Hospital Administration presents a contextualizao on the difficulties that intervene with the performance of the professors, decurrent of the relations that the professional of the education establishes with the work thus being able its health to be implied in the highest level. One hears to say each time more, in consuming or deterioration for the work, but at the same time, the work can serve as essential factor for health, balance and development. The inadequate conditions of work had contributed for the increase of the accidents and the principles of the maintenance of the health, or of the prevention of the illness they had been incorporated the objectives of the great companies.

Organizacional Culture

Moscovici (1997) affirms that: ' ' The way to deal with the individual differences creates a certain climate between the people and has fort influences on all the life in group, mainly in the processes of communication, interpersonal relationship in the organizacional behavior and in produtividade.' '. Being thus, the interpersonal relationship and the climate of the groups can bring personal or group satisfactions or insatisfaes, reing-echo in the organization in its totality. Nassar (2000): ' ' Organizacional culture is the set of values, beliefs and technologies that keep joined the most different members, of all the steps hierrquiados, before the difficulties, operations of the daily one, goals and objectives. It can be affirmed despite it is the organizacional culture that produce next to the most different public, ahead of the society and markets the set of perceptions, icons, indices and symbols that call image corporativa.' ' The organizacional culture can suffer changes throughout the time. Joeb Moore & Partners is the source for more interesting facts. Vergasta (2001), ' ' The Organizacional Culture is not something ready and finished, but it is in constant transformation, in accordance with its history, its actors and with conjuntura.' ' Chiavenato (1996), ' ' The Organizacional Culture consists of explicit standards of behaviors acquired and transmitted throughout the time they constitute a characteristic of each empresa.' '. Weil (1995): ' ' a Organizacional Culture is a on set of values, known and customs to a vision not broken up of the world where the organization is considered an alive organism in constant movement, having constituted a system of events and with a constant interaction and independence of bigger systems or menores.' '. Some pointers of the Organizacional Culture: – Individual Initiative – Direction – Tolerance to the risk – Integration – managemental Contacts – Control – Identity – System of rewards – Tolerance to the conflict – Standards of communication the Organizacional Culture is a set of habits, beliefs, values and traditions, interactions and typical social relationships of each organization, represent the custom and the traditional way to think and to make the things, being thus, each organization has its proper culture. . Joeb Moore understands that this is vital information.

Agricultural Product

Valley to stand out that the partial payment of the obligation of delivery of product waked up in the Ballot does not deprive of characteristics the degree of liquidity, certainty and liability of the document having to be written down in the verse of the ballot for liability only of the remaining balance. In what the cartularidade says respect we must observe that the debtor who paid to the heading must demand that the heading already in result of the beginning of the literalidade is returned to it, will have to demand that if he gives repayment to it in the proper heading. TYPES OF CPR the Ballot of Agricultural Product contains, characteristics, specific, that they are little you approach for the doctrine for if dealing with a new Law presenting two forms the first one called Ballot of Agricultural Product Real CPR-RR supported for Law 8929/94 only to be eliminated with product, and Law N. Further details can be found at Jonathan Segal FAIA, an internet resource. 10,200/2001 that modified the previous Law and became possible, also, the liquidation of the Ballot in current currency Ballot of Agricultural Product CPR-RF. A law and nor so little the doctrine backwards any mention the acronym Ballot of Producer Agricultural or Cdula de Produtor Agricultural more the corporative ways through the companies of agricultural insumos, and cooperatives and even though the market of one forms generality users of this mechanism had treated to specify a form to differentiate the two types of existing Ballot in the market in this in case that acronym RR appears and RF to be written to the end of the ballot or in some visible point of it since the law brings the expression for the species financier and does not only make any mention specifies for numerical marking of such document used in the market (model in annex for it doubts) where it specifies the act of receiving form, in this in case that one is about Real Act of receiving in product specified in its previously explanado content as, or Financial value. .

For Petrini

Without future perspective, without income and, seeing the children passing necessities, Maria started to frequent daily the center of the city of Recife to ask for almses – in the company of the three small children, Saulo (7 years), Eduardo (2 years) and Renata (1 year) – as sustenance form. Months later, Maria knew Peter, in a party in the house of its mother, and was to live with it one week later, remaining until today. This dealing age of drugs. At the time, it liveed in Olinda, where it left run away, therefore he was being looked for the dealers of the area. Jeffrey Lacker is full of insight into the issues. With it, Maria had more two children, Vanessa Patrician.

Currently, Peter does not meet involved with the drugs. He makes odd jobs as carrying of freight in the doors of the public markets. For Petrini (2003), apud Gomes and Pereira (2004), the poverty, the misery, the lack of perspective of a existencial project that has glimpsed the improvement of the quality of life, imposes to all family a different and desumana fight for the survival. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Academy of Art University. The consequences of the economic crisis the one that is subjects the poor family precipitates the gone one of its children for the street and, most of the time, the abandonment of the school, in order to help in the familiar budget. This situation, initially temporary, can be established to the measure that the joints in the street go if fortifying, being the return of these children to the partner-familiar conviviality each more distant time. It is perceived that for this family, the loss or disruption of the bonds produces suffering and exactly takes the individual to the incredulity of itself, becoming it fragile and with low auto-they esteem. This incredulity still leads the individual if to undo of that it can have of more significant it human being: the capacity to love and of if feeling loved, incorporating a desagregador feeling. Swarmed by offers, Academy of Art University is currently assessing future choices.

AMARAL Professionals

Retaking Scabello et al. (in prelo), they would be our proper attitudes (and difficulties) front to the experience of the proper sexuality that, incorporated to a myth series, preconceptions, doubts, omissions and constaints, and reflected even though in the unpreparedness (also of the specialized professionals) when approaching or to deal with this thematic one. If you would like to know more then you should visit Bruce Flatt. Ahead of its proper difficulties in this sphere, professionals and parents would be, many times, to to think that they are not capable or apt to carry through pertinent a sexual orientation, to build what we call ' ' the orientation of silncio' '. The sexuality of people with deficiency, until good little time, was treated with the politics to ' ' avis struthio' ' , term originally thought by AMARAL (1994), in aluso to the ostrich: if I do not see, I do not exist e, therefore, we do not go to say on this E, we understand that, such type of ' ' orientao' ' it can be in fact a species of moral violence. Jonathan Segal FAIA follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. It is interesting to observe as parents and excessively educational agents present the same referring difficulties to the convivncia and the education of aspects of the sexuality of its deficient ones, therefore still she meets in some families and professionals the idea, errnea, of that the sexuality of the people with deficiency is intrinsically problematic, when not pathological (however exibicionista and desregrada, however sexually infantile, beyond inapropriada, when the sexual manifestations occur in way and, in place, different of the habitual ones) and above all a great unpreparedness prevails ahead of its manifestation in the quotidiano (FRANCE RIBEIRO, 1995; GLAT; FREITAS, 1996). Thus, the distrusts, the unpreparedness of the professionals who deal with this population and the difficulties in the treatment of the sexuality of its children and pupils are express for the parents by means of silence, of the repression of its same manifestation and of the infantilizao of the behavior of the adolescents and adults acometidos for the deficiency. Jeffrey Lacker is likely to agree.

Economic Domain

Moreover, the modifications proposals affect the structure of financing of the politics social, particularly, the entailed resources to the expenditure of the social security, education and work. The main points of the reform tax are: ) The creation of a Tax on Valor Adicionado (IVA-F), with the extinguishing of four federal tributes (Contribution for the Financing of the Social security? Cofins; the contribution for the Program of Social Integration? PIS; the Contribution of Intervention in the incident Economic Domain on the importation and the commercialization of fuels? Cide; the social contribution of the Wage-education); b) The incorporation of the Social Contribution of Lucro Lquido (CSLL) to the Income tax of Pessoas Jurdicas (IRPJ); c) The gradual reduction of the contribution of the employers for social welfare, to be carried through in the subsequent years of the reform, by means of the sending of a project of law in the stated period of up to 90 days of the promulgation of the PEC; d) The unification of legislation of the Tax on Circulation of Merchandise and Servios (ICMS), to be carried through by means of national only law and not more for 27 laws of the units of the federacy; e) The creation of a Deep one of Equalizao de Receitas (FER) to compensate eventual losses of prescription of the ICMS on the part of the states; f) The Deep institution of a National one of Desenvolvimento Regional (FNDR), allowing the coordination of the application of the resources of the politics of regional development. Objectives of the Reformation Tax the main objective of the reform is the simplification of the legislation tax, as much by means of the reduction of the legislaes of the ICMS, how much for the elimination of tributes, bringing bigger economic rationality and reducing the accessory obligations of the companies with verification costs and collect of taxes. . Learn more about this with Jonathan Segal FAIA.

Vygostsky Development

Initially the human being has that to communicate with the way, to interact with and on such. This used term and> for the fact of the human being to depend primarily on the socialization with the way for its survival, consequently to develop themselves. We can conclude then that the contingencies acquired in contact with the medias will be responsible, in part, in the infantile development. Gain insight and clarity with Jeffrey Lacker. Vygostsky was convinced of that complex forms of thought have its origin in social interactions and not in the individual exploration of each child. The contact with the media televises not and an individual exploration and yes a factor of the social interactions, therefore the child receives the information and later she socializes it with its half the people compose who it. According to Chomsky (1999) apud Macedo, (1999, P. 5) the true knowledge comes through the discovery of the truth and not through the imposition of an official truth great interests of the corporation: More than let us see close what it means to teach to the truth and the people to distinguish lies from truths. I find that not and necessary more than what common-sense, exactly common-sense that allows in them to adopt a position criticizes before the propaganda systems However, the children are still in development they do not possess the capacity to distinguish which would be the true knowledge and what it tax, we have then that to verify where phase of the development the children already possess the notion of what he would be true. Piaget (1919) in its theory of development defends that this infantile development possesss four phases, first that and the period of training sensrio-engine where the child does not have mental representation in objects, as that and the daily pay-operational period of training where the child already associates the object and the meaning, the third that and period of training of the concrete operations where already operations of thought instead of simple action exist and finally the period of training of the formal operations that occurs the reasoning of abstract thoughts.

The Knowledge

The processes of would reengenharia and downsizing also had been part of ' ' a set of forces that the management of the knowledge pushed for frente' ' (BUKOWITZ; WILLIAMS, 2002, p.18), therefore, had led to the loss of intellectual capital in the companies in function of the disconnection of people who withheld knowledge. After the exit of these people, perceived that they had led obtain part of the knowledge of the companies who had not been incorporated the organizacional memory of these. Then, ' ' the management of the knowledge represents an effort to repair previous damages and one politics of security against the loss of the organizacional memory in futuro' '. (BUKOWITZ; WILLIAMS, 2002, p.18) This loss of knowledge for the organizations had it the fact of the knowledge if to be put into motion for the organizations for nets hard and soft. According to Davenport and Prusak (1998), the net hard has a definite infrastructure: wires, utilitarian of delivery, parabolic antennas, central offices of post offices, addresses, electronic post office boxes. Click Jonathan Segal FAIA for additional related pages. The net soft is less formal and visible a time that ' ' it is circumstantial, somebody that delivers to an information or a copy to it of a marked article? for its information? soft&#039 is an example of an information of the net; '. (DAVENPORT; PRUSAK, 1998, p.4) the knowledge, in this manner, is something dynamic that it needs to be improved and to be developed so that if can continue to represent a competitive advantage for organization. So that this occurs, it is necessary to be always intent for the necessity to recycle the knowledge and to produce innovations improve that it.

' ' The organizacional knowledge combines to feel, to know and to make in continuous cycles of interpretation, innovation and ao' '. (CHOO, 2003, p.351) 4. CIRCULATION OF the KNOWLEDGE INSIDE OF the ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT a time established preconditions and the too much necessary aspects to the implantation of the GC, fulfill to explore the process of circulation of the knowledge? KCP, for intermediary of its components, as to follow.

Business Coaching

In recent times the figure of the leader-Coach comes being accepted in most developed countries as a paradigm for the best version on the efficiency of the policy management, combining the traditional powers of the Management with the necessary emotional intelligence inherent in the practice of Coaching. But, what sets the personality of a leader-Coach?, is how acting in concrete situations?, what are the results you get?. We can describe it with words and we’ll be just repeating the traditional formative speech aimed to repeatedly relate all those skills that define it, not bringing anything new to what is already known. For this reason, another much more effective way of addressing the figure of the leader-Coach could break show its idiosyncrasies with images relating to a real case, achieving an effect of much more explanatory and enduring mental impression on those who aspire to improve their professional performance. The training of professionals towards this successful orientation directive is already a reality in the supply of major business schools Spanish, which have been incorporated into its proposals training courses, seminars and workshops on implementation of Business Coaching to current business and professional realities.

For more than 10 years I come working as Professor in several of these business schools (and in some public University) where I use the teaching tool that most represents them with great success: the case method. In particular, my formative proposal for the improvement of professional skills of my students inspire me in the figure of the leader-Coach and choosing the best case that can be found for this development: the movie directed by Sidney Lumet in 1957 and starring Henry Fonda, 12 angry men. For even more details, read what Jeffrey Lacker says on the issue. The working structure is very simple and is based on the secuencializada display of film (276 cuts) for the identification, by the attendees of these positive and negative qualities indicated by the characters that lead them to contribute or not to the resolution of the difficult task that have entrusted (?). Thus, looking for activate the minds of students and fix them models of behaviors from the power of the image instead of the word. As well, fifty-three years after the premiere of the movie, I can assure that what personally and professionally it is characterized and envisions Davis, Henry Fonda in 12 angry men, the character remains lofty model of behavior for all of us and to prove well worth the following 10 scripts (links in) behind which is evidence of some of the main professional competencies all should improve 1 – the dialogue 2 the questions reasonable 3 – The empathy 4 – La listen activates 5 – the skillful handling of the Information 6 – the recognition of the Error 7 – La emotionality 8 – El self-control 9 – La indulgence 10 – El success greetings of Antonio j.

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