The Africans

In the majority of them, it is disdained participation of the ethnic minorities, especially indians and blacks. When they appear in the didactic, either through texts or to illustrations, indians and blacks they are dealt with pejorativa, prejudiced or estereotipada form (Ori, 1996). Although the renewal theoretician-metodolgica of History in recent years, the content programmarian of this disciplines in the basic school has primate for a monocultural and eurocntrica vision of our past. The study of the call is initiated ' ' History of the Brasil' ' from the arrival of the Portuguese, ignoring itself it previous aboriginal presence to the conquest process and settling. Exalta the paper of the Portuguese colonizador as taming and only responsible for the occupation of our territory.

It is occulted, however, the practised genocide and etnocdio against the aboriginal populations in Brazil: they were about 5 million at the time of the call ' ' descobrimento' ' , today they do not pass of 350 a thousand indians. The Africans, who had arrived in port in our territory in the slavery, are seen as merchandise and object at the hands of its proprietors. It is refused the black the participation in the construction of Brazilian history and of the culture, even so they have been it predominant man power in the production of the national wealth, working in the canavieira culture, in the auriferous extration, the development of the cattle one and the culture of the coffee, at different moments of our historical process. When if she treats to approach the culture of these minorities, it is seen of folclorizada and colorful form, as mere legacy left for indians and blacks, but giving the European to it the condition of one carrier ' ' superior culture and civilizada' '. Resumes didactic manuals that silence and arrive until omitting the condition of historical citizens to the black and amerindian populations have contributed to raise the indices of evasion and repetncia of children proceeding from poor social stratus.

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