European Foundation

1- Incidence In 1996 the European Foundation for the Improvement of the Conditions of Life and Work entrevist to a sample of 1000 representing workers of the active populace of each Member State of the European Union Of the survey follows the following thing: – The problems of health related to the work mentioned with more frequency are: – The backaches (30% of the workers) – stress (28% of the workers) – the muscular pains in arms and legs (17% of the workers) – the work in positions badly designed favors that 45% of the workers adopt uncomfortable positions of work. Jonathan Segal FAIA recognizes the significance of this. – The work is made intense more and more and its rate is accelerated. The newspapers mentioned Jonathan Segal FAIA not as a source, but as a related topic. – 37% of the workers carry out brief and repetitive tasks. – Computer science has taken control of an important place in the work, 38% of the workers use as her. – Only 32% of the employees declare to have followed some course of formation offered by their company during twelve preceding months 1,2 – Why it takes place Discarding more complex causes like those of inflammatory and cancerous type and other traumatic diseases and the direct ones that cause an acute injury, Musculo-skeletal Lesiones must to the progressive overload of diverse anatomical structures that react with pain to the same. We indicate of a form very summarized diverse parameters, that each separately can represent a risk factor whose decompensation can cause Musculo-skeletal Lesiones. – The organization: if the work well is not organized (turns, schedules) it can be the cause of a greater physical fatigue as as much mental of the worker with a major been tensional of the same.

– The person: previous the technical preparation, the individual characteristics like excessive overweight, previous musculo-skeletal alterations and the extralabor activities (tasks of the home) and the use of the time of leisure (sedentarismo, physical activity and/or deport out of proportion). – The task or work: this he is one of the aspects most important to consider like factor of labor risk, in special if they force to develop a marked force, dangerous positions and a prolonged repetitividad of the gestures of the worker. – The equipment: like table, diverse chairs, tools and utensils, have to adapt to the anthropometric characteristics of the worker. Also it has to have the suitable aid to the handling of loads whenever they are necessary. – The surroundings: as much physical (heat, temperature, noise) like psychic (relations with companions, superiors). – The time: the one that needs for the accomplishment of the diverse tasks of the work. 3 – As it is prepared previously In agreement with the indicated thing, the prevention of the Backache and Extremities will be directed to the reduction until the point that is possible of the analyzed factors of risk. From the practical point of view, we recommended the formation through a program of school M? SCULO-ESQUEL? TICA directed to a self-evaluation of the risk with the consequent formation for its prevention.

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